How much do we know about the moon?
The moon has been the center of attention ever since mankind looked up to the sky.
The greatest technological achievement of the 20th Century was the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. But the Apollo program was short-lived, and after Apollo 17 in 1972, we never went back. There are a lot of rumours about what Apollo astronauts really witness during their mission, may be NASA and the Secret service just keep the true story under wraps?
The Moon is the most visible celestial body in the night sky and is essential to life on Earth. There are two mainstream theories about its origins.
The currently accepted theory is that a protoplanet the size of Mars — a hypothetical world named Theia, after the mother of Selene, goddess of the moon — shoulder-checked Earth and chipped off a chunk of material. That hunk of space junk eventually became the moon, according to the aptly-named “giant impact hypothesis”. The impact set the Earth spinning in five-hour days, which eventually slowed to the 24 hour days we experience now.
Other ideas that continue to decline out of favour include the fission theory, which states that the moon flung off from the Earth long ago, perhaps from what is now the Pacific Basin. The capture theory supposes the opposite: the moon is a foreign object that our planet snared with its gravity.
But what if the Moon is not the natural object we believe it to be? Unidentified lunar objects in NASA photography may point to extraterrestrial structures on the moon, and possibly evidence of what lies beneath the surface.
Some Ancient Astronaut theorists have even suggested that the Moon is actually an artificial object, placed in its current position by otherworldly beings thousands of years ago.
The theory was put forth by two members of the Soviet Academy of Science, Michael Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov, in the article entitled “Is the Moon the Creation of Alien Intelligence”, which was published in the Soviet journal Sputnik, in 1970.
Vasin and Shcherbakov’s thesis was that the Moon is a hollowed-out platinoid created by unknown beings with technology far superior to any on Earth. Huge machines would have been used to melt rock and form large cavities within the Moon, with the resulting molten lava spewing out onto the Moon’s surface. The Moon would therefore consist of a hull-like inner shell and an outer shell made from metallic rocky slag. For reasons unknown, the “Spaceship Moon” was then placed into orbit around the Earth.
Their theory relies heavily on the suggestion that large lunar craters, generally assumed to be formed from meteor impact, are generally too shallow and have flat or even convex bottoms. Small craters have a depth proportional to their diameter but larger craters are not deeper. It is proposed that small meteors are making a cup-shaped depression in the rocky surface of the moon while the larger meteors are drilling through a five mile thick rocky layer and hitting a high-tensile “hull” underneath.
Additionally the authors note that the surface material of the moon is substantially composed of different elements (chromium, titanium and zirconium) from the surface of the Earth. They also note that some moon rocks are older than the oldest rocks on Earth.
They postulate that the moon comprises a rocky outer layer a few miles thick covering a strong hull perhaps 20 miles thick and beneath that there is a void, possibly containing an atmosphere.
Don Wilson in his book ‘Our Mysterious Spaceship Moon’ which was published in 1975 compiled what he considered supporting facts for this theory. Next year (1976) Former NASA scientist George Leonard also published his book ‘Somebody else is indeed on the Moon’ where he revealed numerous NASA photographs of the lunar surface and suggested that large scale machinery was visible in these pictures.