Archeology Culture X-Files

Arkaim – The Russian Stonehenge

Places of historical significance have always been of interest and are way alluring. So, when you hear or read about the term ‘Stonehenge’ you are bound to get attracted to it. Hence, when the archaeologist found the site known as Arkaim they were definitely intrigued by it.

The most renowned Stonehenge that you might have heard or read about is the stones of Wiltshire. But, this is not it. Indeed, there are more than 5,000 stone circles around the globe.

There are in fact many other Neolithic monuments as well, which are very interesting.

Arkaim is located in Northern Europe, Russia. It is an immensely significant archaeological site and is also referred as Russia’s Stonehenge.

Here are some interesting pointers about this site:

– It is nestled in the suburbs of the Chelyabinsk oblast in the Southern Urals.

Arkaim - Russia's Stonehenge

– The Arkaim is the reminiscent of a primitive village that was protected by 2 large stone circular walls. The entire settlement sprawls in an area of 220,000 sq-ft.

Arkaim - Russia's StonehengeThe 220,000 square foot (20,000 square metre) settlement was protected by two circular walls before it was burned down and abandoned.

When was it discovered?

The site was discovered by a team of Russian archaeologist in the year 1987. The site and the associated artifacts date back to 17th century BCE. In fact, they were built almost 4,000-5,000 years ago. This time slot is similar to Stonehenge.

Arkaim - Russia's StonehengeArkaim is known as Russia's Stonehenge because it may have been used by ancient people to study the stars, like the British site

Why is it also known as Swastika city?

It is also called Swastika City or Mandala city. The acumen it is known as Swastika city is because the layout of the dwellings around the central square looks like the shape of a swastika.

The Swastika is associated with the Nazis in a reverse order and it has been also associated with the Aryan race.

The settlement has close resemblance to the Sintashta culture, which in turn is an Indo-Iranian race.

A puzzle of ancient world

Thousands of years old legends and myths from the region of Ural Mountains and ancient Siberia say that Arkaim is not any ordinary place where people live. On the contrary, four thousand years ago, the local inhabitants suddenly abandoned Arkaim and the empty settlement burnt.

It became a huge puzzle for archeologists when the ancient remains of a woman discovered on a site. The approximately 2,000 year old skeleton boasts an oddly shaped skull.

Arkaim - Russia's Stonehenge Archaeologists have revealed that the bones (pictured left) belong to a woman who lived around 2,000 years ago and had an elongated skull (shown right) because it was bound out of tribal tradition

The “conehead” skeleton of a woman from the Sarmati tribe, unearthed at the archaeological site of Arkaim, a 4000-year-old settlement, has totally thrilled UFO hunters who have taken it as solid proof that aliens have visited Earth. Photos and videos of the dig may indeed remind one of the aggressive, dangerous extraterrestrial creature from the 1979 sci-fi movie, Alien, directed by Ridley Scott.

However, archeologists say this idea is off the table, attributing the skull’s unusual shape to traditional head bonding.

Arkaim - Russia's Stonehenge A skeleton with an unusual-shaped skull (pictured) has been unearthed on a site known as Russia's Stonehenge. UFO enthusiasts were quick to claim it was proof aliens visited earth when it was first found

In an interview with the Russian news agency TASS, Maria Makurova, head of the Arkaim Nature Reserve, said:

“Her skull was elongated because the tribe did so by tying up the heads of their children with rope. It was clearly a tradition in the tribe.”

Scientists are still lost in conjecture as to why such a tradition evolved.

Its significance to archaeoastronomers:

Indeed, this site has incited immense interest to the archaeoastronomers, and it is right here that there lies an association with Stonehenge.

The pertinent aspect is that Stonehenge was fabricated keeping in mind astronomical observation. In fact, Stonehenge is technically known as an observatory as well. With the Stonehenge it was feasible to avail, observation of 10 astronomical phenomenons utilizing the 22 elements.

Arkaim - Russia's StonehengeThe Akraim archaeological site was discovered in 1987 and since then it has yielded spectacular discoveries including some artefacts from the Bronze Age.

Again, archaeoastronomers have put up the claim that Arkaim allows observing 18 phenomena utilizing 30 elements. This implies that Arkaim offers more observable events as compared to Stonehenge.

In accordance with Russian Archaeologist, K.K. Bystrushkin, with Stonehenge it is possible to avail an observational accuracy of 10-arc minutes to a degree, but with Arkaim the accuracy is about 1-arc minute.

These facts do very well portray the expertise of the Egyptians and the Greek empire. And, at the same time it reflects upon the development and sophistication of their pre-historic cultures.

Since its discovery, Arkaim has become an important location for Bronze Age study, attracting a great deal of public and media attention in Russia, including a significant number of esoteric and pseudoscientific organizations.

Yet again, there are other sites too, which are amazing and are a treasure trove of archaeology. Hence, stay hungry and stay interested for more knowledge and research!

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