“The cave you fear to enter holds the treasure you seek.”
― Joseph Campbell
What prehistoric structures and art hidden in ancient caves around the world can tell us about the human evolution and unknown civilisations? Many bizarre historical artefacts and mysterious symbols have been discovered in different part of our planet. Delving deep into these ten incredible caves or cave systems of the ancient world we can look at archaeological mysteries that still baffle the researchers across the globe.
1 – 12,000 Year Old Ancient Highways between Turkey And Scotland
Evidence of tunnels across Europe from Scotland to Turkey has been found under hundreds of Neolithic settlements. The fact that so many tunnels have survived after 12,000 years shows that the original network must have been enormous.
In the book Secrets Of The Underground Door To An Ancient World (German title: Tore zur Unterwelt) German archaeologist Dr Heinrich Kush states that evidence of huge underground tunnels has been found under dozens of Neolithic settlements all over the European continent. According to Dr Kusch, the fact that many of these tunnels still exist today, after 12,000 years indicates that the tunnels must have been both complex and huge in size.
2 – The Chauvet Cave in France the latest archaeological evidence of human-canine relationship
The Chauvet Cave in France has always been famous for sites of the oldest paintings of the world. At the back of the cave, there have been witnessed primitive footsteps of a small child walking with a wolf dated back to almost 26,000 years ago. These prints stretch to almost 150 ft. and, were made in soft clay. The human prints are of a child barefooted, aged 8-10 years old walking with a wolf. There have also been found evidence that he or she slipped a little on the soft clay back then. Also that the child carried a torch, because there is evidence that at one point of time, he or she ceased to clean the torch, leaving a stain of charcoal. The most amazing part of the finding is the footprint of a canine alongside.
In consonance with the new theory, both humans and dogs evolved together. The relationship developed out of the mutual respect for the traits and attributed shown by each of the species. Each side probably did witness the benefit of teamwork and find solace in the company.
3 – Lovelock Cave and mysterious giants of Nevada
Lovelock Cave, known also as Bat Cave, Horseshoe Cave, Sunset Guano Cave and Indian Cave is located 20 miles south of modern day Lovelock, Nevada. It’s a very old cave that pre-dates humans on the continent and in prehistoric times was underneath Lake Lahontan. In 1886, a mining engineer from Lovelock named John T. Reid was told of the legend about mysterious race of giants by local Indians, who took him to the site to prove it existed. In accordance with the same there have been found 2 giant skeletons buried in a dry lagoon bed. The mummies of the skeleton are similar to those done by the ancient Egyptians. This definitely lets people to believe that giants do exist.
4 – Laas Geel Caves
The Laas Geel is like a huge plateau of granite. It was carved out by the wadis. There have been paintings on the caves in here for ages. However, it was in the year 2002, that the local residents guided a team of French archeologists to the caves. In here the archeologists were able to find about the civilization, the past and the practices which were followed. It was really fascinating that the ancient rock art portrayed the life which existed 5,000 years ago. Since, the climate of the region is dry; hence, the paintings have been well preserved. The paintings depict the Ethiopian Arabian style. Archaeologists say that Laas Geel may only be one of many treasures awaiting discovery in the vast rocky plains stretching towards the tip of the Horn of Africa.
5 – Mystery of Rabbit hole – the way to incredible 700-year-old Knights Templar cave complex
A possibly ordinary rabbit hole in the field of a farmer gives rise to an underground sanctuary meant to have been utilised by the devotees of a medieval religious order; however, is everything as simple as it appears?
In accordance with the Caynton Caves, the local legend, near Shifnal in Shropshire, were utilised by the followers of the Knights Templar in the 17th Century.
In accordance with a report, these caves are completely hidden under the field of a farmer in Shropshire. In the same report, it is also said that these caves seem to be utilised for the black magic activities by the modern-day visitors.
Meant to be 700 years ancient, the caves have long been connected with the Knights Templar, a Catholic military order which played the basic role at the time of the Crusades. Named precisely after the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, where the order was and founded in 1119 shield pilgrims visiting this Holy Land.
6 – Mysterious Royston Cave And Its Unexplained Carvings
The Royston Cave Hertfordshire, England is a small circular, bell-shaped chamber cut into the chalk bedrock.
Inside the cave there are several mysterious carvings that remain unexplained and some have even suggested that cave holds the secret of the Holy Grail.
It has been speculated that it was used by the Knights Templar, who founded nearby Baldock. There are numerous theories about the cave covering Freemasons and Templars as well as possibilities that the cave was a prison or an anchorite cell. However, so far none of the theories have been confirmed.
Royston’s unique cave is remarkably engraved with religious figures, pagan and Masonic symbols. The Royston Cave and its true story remains an unsolved mystery.
7 – 40,000 year-old Indonesian cave paintings
The rock art was originally discovered in caves on the island of Sulawesi in the 1950s, but dismissed as younger than 10,000 years old because scientists thought older paintings could not possibly survive in a tropical climate.
But fresh analysis of the pictures by an Australian-Indonesian team has stunned researchers by dating one hand marking to at least 39,900 years old, and two paintings of animals, a pig-deer or babirusa, and another animal, probably a wild pig, to at least 35,400 and 35,700 years ago respectively.
The work reveals that rather than Europe being at the heart of an explosion of creative brilliance when modern humans arrived from Africa, the early settlers of Asia were creating their own artworks at the same time or even earlier.
8 – Derinkuyu- The old underground City
This ancient multi-level underground city was discovered in Turkey during the 1960’s. The 18-storey city extends to a depth of approximately sixty meter or two-hundred feet and is large enough to give shelter over 20,000 people. The architecture of this city is so unique that we wonder how they made this just using hammer and chisel. According to the historians, this city was built in the Byzantine era to provide with protection against the Arab-Byzantine war.
The gate of Derinkuyu could be closed from the inside with large stones. There was a system to close the doors from each basement. Surprisingly this city had a separate room for everyone along with available fresh water, community hall and even a school.
9 – The Hurvat Burgin: 1 million years old man-made underground complex
Most historians agree human civilization developed sometime around 10 to 12,000 years ago. Most ancient monuments and settlements fall neatly into that age period. But there are a number of findings that challenge this accepted view of human history. The Hurvat Burgin comes from Israel, but one researcher believes it could be part of a much bigger underground complex spanning thousands of miles.
The site in question can be found in the Hurvat Burgin ruins in Adullam Grove Nature Reserve, located in central Israel. Many believe these ruins are a testament to human presence, activity and craftsmanship in a time where mainstream science tells us we barely knew fire.
Dr Alexander Koltypin specialized as a geologist and is now head of the Natural Science Research Center at Moscow’s International Independent University of Ecology and Politology estimates this place to be man-made and anywhere from 500,000 to 1 million years old.
10 – Giant tunnels in Brazilian forest
The burrows, which cannot be explained by any natural geologic process, are in Brazil, South America.
Along their walls are massive claw marks, lending weight to the theory that they were carved out. Now scientists have concluded that an ancient species of giant sloth excavated the tunnels. (read more)