Nature Travel

Top 15 Most Extreme Places On Earth

The Earth is the only planet circling our sun on which life as we know it does exist. The diversity of life on Earth today is the result of its correct distance from the sun, its composition, molten core, well protected atmosphere and right amount of water. But there are places on Earth that make survival really difficult.

Look4ward prepared a list of the most hostile places around the world. Take a visual walk through the coldest, hottest, driest and simply harshest spots of our planet.

The lowest elevation in the world: Dead Sea.
Dead seaimage

The Dead Sea is approximately 1,360 feet below sea level and is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water.

The highest elevation in the world: Mount Everest, China–Nepal border.

At 29,028 feet tall, Mount Everest is considered to have the highest elevation in the world. The mountain was named after the surveyor-general of India from 1830 to1843 — Col. Sir George Everest. Ironically, Everest actually pronounced his name “Eve-rest”.

The highest waterfall in the world: Angel Falls, Venezuela.
Venezuela Angels Fallimage source:ron brinkmann/

At 3,212 feet tall, Angel Falls is known the tallest waterfall on planet Earth.

The farthest point from the Earth’s center: Chimborazo, Ecuador.

Ecuador Chimborazo

While Mount Everest is the tallest point measured from sea level, the Earth isn’t a perfect sphere. If we calculate the farthest point from the Earth’s center, the winner would be Chimborazo, Ecuador.

The deepest underwater cave on Earth, Czech Republic
deepest underwater cavephoto: Krzysztof Starnawski

The most recent expedition  led by Polish diver Krzysztof Starnawski managed to reach a depth of 404 metres (1,325 feet) in the underwater cave Hranická Propast in the Czech Republicusing, using  a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) which makes it 12 meters deeper than the second deepest underwater cave that we know of – Italy’s Pozzo del Merro.

The deepest cave in the world: Krubera Cave, Abkhazia, Georgia.
deepest cave on planetimage

Since its initial exploration in 1956, Krubera Cave has been mapped at 7,208 feet deep and 8 miles long.

The coldest place in the world: Vostok Station, Antarctica.
Vostok stationimage

The coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth was -128.5°F (-89.2°C) on July 21, 1983, at this old Soviet Union outpost in the middle of Antarctica.

The coldest inhabited place in the world: Oymyakon, Russia.
Oymyakon, Russia.image source:Maarten Takens/

Winter temperatures in Oymyakon can drop as low as -58°F (-50°C), while the lowest recorded temperature for the town was -96.16°F (-71.2°C), in 1924.

The hottest place in the world: Death Valley, California.
Death valleyimage

According to the World Meteorological Organization, the hottest temperature ever recorded occurred in Death Valley in 1913, clocking in at a scorching 134°F (56.6°C)!

The most remote island in the world: Tristan da Cunha, Saint Helena.

The city nearest to Tristan da Cunha is Cape Town, located nearly 1,743 miles away in South Africa.

The flattest place in the world: Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia.
Bolivia Uyuni Lakeimage source:Corey Spruit/

The Salar de Uyuni salt flat covers about 4,000 square miles and contains about 10 billion tons of salt.

The world’s most active volcano: Mt. Kilauea, Hawaii.

In 1983, Mt. Kilauea erupted on the southern part of the island of Hawaii and hasn’t stopped since! It’s destroyed over 200 homes, but created over 544 acres of new land.

The windiest place in the world: Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica.

During winter months at Commonwealth Bay, a concentrated flow of freezing air, known as katabatic wind, is responsible for wind gusts up to 150 mph.

The driest place in the world: Atacama Desert, Chile.
Atacama desert image

In over 37 years, it’s only rained here four times. The landscape of Quillagua, Chile, is so dry that NASA decided that it would be the perfect location to test its Mars rover.

The wettest place in the world: Mawsynram, India.
Mawsynram, India.image source:Martin Sharman/

Mawsynram receives annual rainfall of about 467 inches!

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