Somehow, losing weight falls in the bucket list of maximum number of individuals. But, losing weight implies a strict diet, lots of exercise and craving for your favorite food.
Recent researchers indicate towards a special five-day diet, which has the capability to reduce weight and at the same time reduce the risk of life-threatening disease.
A group of 71 adults were placed on 3 cycles of low-calorie diet, resembling fasting. The phase II trial, which was conducted by the researchers at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, portrayed on a plethora of benefits from the diet.
What was the impact?
- The diet minimized the cardiovascular risk factors.
- These included blood pressures, fasting glucose and signs of inflammation.
- Reduced level of IGF-1 hormone was also calculated.
- Undoubtedly it resulted in weight loss.
- The total body fat and trunk fat was reduced too, however, there was no loss in muscle mass.
- The diet could also reduce the participants’ risk for diabetes, cancer and heart diseases.
In accordance with Valter Longo, Director, USC Longevity Institute, prior studied was pursued on mice and the results were amazing. And this resulted in the first clinical trial of the same. He also mentioned that in order to confirm the impact of the diet on prevention of disease and treatment, larger FDA studies will have to be pursued finally.
100 people participated in the trail. It pursued from April 2013 to July 2015.
The age of the participants was 20 to 70 years, all of them were healthy and were divided into 2 groups for the trial.
The participants in the first group were required to continue the norm of eating habits for a period of 3 months. And the second group was placed on a fasting resembling diet.
The second group was needed to eat food products which were provided by the nutrition company L-Nutra, for a period of 5 days for every month. The diet inculcated ingredients which resembled the water-only fast, thus enabled the participants to consume 750 and 1100 calories every day. The meals contained an optimum proportion of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Post 3 months, the participants in the control group were moved to the special diet.
The researchers came to the conclusion that those participants which were on the special diet, lost weight, showed systolic blood pressure in the normal range and decrease in the level of IGF-1. Similar results were observed with the participants who were later moved to the special group. The participants also continued to show the same impact on the health even when they returned to normal eating habits.
A very pertinent observation was that the participants who were considered at risk because of high IGF-1, high blood sugar levels or high cholesterol also made good progress to avail better health.
The researchers will now be taking the big step of FDA phase III clinical trial. The testing will be pursed on the patients who have been diagnosed with age-related diseases or are at high risk for them.