The docking in of winters is spellbinding with the Christmas festivity and the onset of a New Year. However, this said, winter accompanies another friend, which is no less than a foe to humans – after all it is the season of cold, flu and respiratory infections as well.
So, just to guide and assist you with the above, here are some pertinent aspects:
- It is imperative for you to know, that cold and flu is caused by viruses.
- So, if you are utilizing or consuming antibiotics, which work against bacteria, it will not be of any use.
- Almost 200 different types of viruses cause the common cold, but, the one which has an immense impact is a type of Rhinovirus.
- Influenza is caused by viruses which belong to the Influenza A, B and C categories.
- Viral particles have the capacity to live on common household surfaces for almost 48 hours.
- And, when an individual sneezes these particles can travel from 4 to 6 feet.
What are the symptoms of cold and flu?
Fever, cough, sore throat, congestion, headaches and sneezing are the symptoms of cold and influenza. However, there are little differences:
- In cold the individual is rarely feverish; however, in influenza the fever is really high.
- Headache is rare in the cold, but, in influenza headache is common.
- Cold is accompanied with nasal congestion. But, in influenza it is occasional.
- Sore throat is mild for cold patients, but it is severe if you are suffering from influenza.
- In influenza aches and body pains is severe, but, in cold it is mild.
- In influenza you will feel immense tiredness, however, with a cold you will be able to deal with it mildly.
What does the treatment of cold and flu inculcate?
If you are struck with either influenza or common cold, you can pursue the following:
- If when struck by influenza, you take the antiviral medications such as Tamiflu or Relenza within first 48 hours of the appearance of the symptom, it will shorten the course of the infection.
- For cold, you need to take medication for a runny nose or sore throat lozenges will also do the needful.
- Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen will reduce aches and fever.
- Similarly steam inhalation and keeping yourself well hydrated will be of aid.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing and sneezing. Dispose the tissue safely.
- If you are experiencing regular coughing, it is advisable to wear mask provided by the healthcare providers.
- Make sure that the caregivers maintain complete hygiene for themselves post taking care of the patient.
- For the caregivers, it is advisable to wash all contaminated surfaces like the counters or doorknobs with disinfectant to assure maximum safety.
- It is also imperative that the medical care provider wear gloves when treating the patients.