It’s not new that architecture can profoundly affect a place, sometimes transform it. Architecture and any art can transform a person, even save someone.
Greatest architects usually don’t get the respect and celebrity of other artists like painters. However their work definitely has a greater effect on us in the long term. We can’t imagine our life without buildings which shelter and protect us for home, work and play. And architecture is essentially the art we live in. Even if we’ve never been in any of the buildings designed by master architects, we’ve probably been in plenty that incorporate their influences.
These 10 famous architects left works of arts behind them and they will never be forgotten:
1 – Michelangelo
Although he is famous today for its paintings and sculptures, Michelangelo was also a very talented architect. In 1523,Pope Clement VII commissioned Michelangelo to design a two-story library on top of a convent. His most famous contribution to architecture is the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica.
2 – Mimar Sinan
Michelangelo’s contemporary in the Ottoman Empire was Mimar Sinan. Working in the 16th century, he designed more than 300 structures such as mosques, palaces, schools and other buildings. Although born Christian, Sinan was drafted into the Janissary Corps and converted to Islam.His masterpieces include the Selimiye mosque in Edirne, as well as the Süleymaniye mosque in Istanbul.
3 – Sir Christopher Wren
In the 1660s, Wren was commissioned to design the Sheldonian Theater at Oxford. In 1666,he had completed a design for the St. Paul’s Cathedral dome. One week after it was accepted, the Great Fire of London destroyed the city — including the cathedral.The Great Fire created an unexpected opportunity for Wren, and he was soon at work on reconstruction.He was appointed surveyor of royal works and he was responsible for designing 51 churches,including St. Paul’s Cathedral.
4 – Louis Henry Sullivan
Famous for the principle of “form follows function,” he aimed at creating a distinctly American architecture.Like Sir Christopher Wren, Sullivan benefited from a great fire. The Great Fire of 1871 in Chicago resulted in a construction boom and left architects like Sullivan with work for the decades to come.Some refer to Sullivan as the “Father of the Skyscraper” (though others ascribe this title to Jenney).
5 – Charles Édouard Jeanneret
A Swiss-French architect born in 1887, he made some of the most significant contributions to architecture in the 20th century. He and the painter Amédée Ozenfant initiated the publication “L’Esprit Nouveau” in 1920 and wrote under pseudonyms. Jeanneret chose a name from his family lineage: Le Corbusier. He embraced functionalism, rejecting excessive ornamentation, and favored the modern materials.
6– Antoni Gaudi
The Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi developed a style of his own, inspired by God and nature. Born in 1852 Catalonia, Gaudi was a fervent Catholic who believed that he could glorify God by deriving his inspiration from nature..His unique style is part neo-Gothic, part avant-garde, part surrealistic. The Cathedral of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona stands as his most famous work.
7 – Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (commonly known by his surname, Mies)
One of the many modern architects that tries to promote the minimalist styles of the 20th century.He was chosen to design the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona. While living in the United States, he designed many famous skyscrapers, including the Seagram building in New York City. His designs display simplicity and elegance without excessive ornamentation.
8 – Ieoh Ming Pei
Born in 1917 in China, Ieoh Ming Pei came to the United States in the 1930s to study architecture.His designs are considered a continuation of the International Style popularized by architects like Le Corbusier. In the 1960s, Pei was chosen to design the terminal at the John F. Kennedy International Airport. He is perhaps best known for the glass pyramids in the courtyard of the Louvre Museum in Paris, built in 1989.
9 – Frank Gehry
Born in Canada in 1929 and having moved to the United States as a teenager, Frank Gehry eventually became a leading force in the deconstructionist and postmodern styles of architecture.He designed the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, which opened in 1997 and was meant to resemble both a ship and a living creature. He also designed the famous and unique Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles.
10 – Frank Lloyd Wrights
Most people agree that Frank Lloyd Wright is the most famous architect of the modern era, if not all of history. In 1935, he designed Fallingwater, a home built over a waterfall in southwestern Pennsylvania. Wright was also responsible for the innovative design of the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, which features a rising spiral walkway rather than individual floors.