Baalbek is an ancient complex of temples, which can be found on the altitude of 3, 800 feet at the bottom of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. One of the most spectacular features of this complex is the Temple of Jupiter, built in the 1st century A.D by Romans.
You may see three megalithic stones of about 800 tons each at its foundation. But more impressive still are carved megaliths at a quarry about a mile away, which was announced to be the largest stone carved by human hands ever discovered. Its weight is estimated at 1,650 tons; it is 64 feet (19.6 meters) in length, 19.6 feet (6 meters) wide, and 18 feet (5.5 meters) high.
Archaeologists believe that it had been carved by Romans as well, due to resemblance of this mega stone to the smaller ones. Looks like only after carving had been completed the Romans realized the megaliths were too heavy to lift. It is also said that one of the megaliths wasn’t used, because the stone quality at one of the edges was poor. Though researcher Graham Hancock has his doubts. He thinks the Romans had more advanced planning strategy.
According to Hancock, these megaliths were carved by an earlier civilization, maybe 12, 000 yeas ago and the Romans just built the rest around them. He even suggested that they might be the same age as megalithic site of Gobekli Tepe in Turkey. Scientist asks why would Romans form these massive blocks and wouldn’t cut them down to smaller ones, so the work wouldn’t be wasted? We know that the Romans used smaller blocks to build upon the megalithic platform at Baalbek, so why open fresh quarry faces and not use what had already been worked here?
Hancock made a trip to Lebanon to have a look at the site by himself and came to conclusion that these megaliths in the quarry were unknown to the Romans. Even if this theory is true and Romans did quarry these stones and decided to move them to Baalbek to complete the temples, the question remains how could they move the 800 ton megaliths? Hancock admits that in historic times people did move even bigger megaliths, but on the flat grounds only. In this situation, the three stones with the weight of 800 tons had to be moved and then lifted up to the height of 18 or 20 feet, how would they do it?
Hancock writes: “There’s no doubt that the Romans could move very large blocks of stone, and there’s no doubt that they were responsible for the classical majesty of the temple itself, but I’m presently working on the assumption that they built it on top of a megalithic platform that had already been in place for thousands of years.”
Back in 7000 BC, the site was used by Phoenicians for worshiping of a triad of fertility gods. But there is not even one advanced civilization known to be able to make and move such megaliths. Hancock still doesn’t know the correct answer to this mystery but continues to make researchers to resolve the mystery.