How can we know who we are if we don’t know where we come from? It is clear from many fragments of evidence, traditions and lore that we have an incomplete picture of the earliest days of human civilization. It’s possible that whole civilizations, some with advanced technology, have come and gone. At the very least, human culture reaches much further back in time than conventional history admits. There are many mysteries in our ancient past, but there may be clues to that past around the world in the form of sunken cities, ancient ruins, cryptic hieroglyphics etc.
The mysterious Chacoan civilization – which existed on Earth 1000 years ago – lived in lavish stone homes with hundreds of rooms in the area that has come to be known as New Mexico in the US and was ruled by women who transferred powers to their daughters.
Chacoan civilization ruled by women
This civilisation, which was wiped out in some 1140 AD, has baffled the researchers with its stone houses with 100s of rooms.
Pueblo Bonito, in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, is one of the largest standing sites comprising of 650 rooms, and the further research on this place made it clear that it was run by super powerful women. The analysis of a burial tomb, which was apparently reserved for the high power and important people, confirmed that between 800-1130AD, power among the Chacoans was passed down through the maternal line. They found some skulls, and post their analysis, they concluded that the power was passed through a female blood line.
The society where man is never the boss
These people were apparently at par with the Mayans before disappearing in 1140. They apparently maintained a trade system with nearby people, without even having a writing system. They lived lavishly in stone houses that had 100s of rooms, and was apparently called great houses, largest of which, being, Pueblo Bonito.
Pueblo Bonito, one of the largest stone houses with 650 rooms, the archeologists excavated it’s room number 33 in 1896, which was apparently one of the most important room here. Almost over a dozen elite Chacoan, were buried here, with atypical care amid conch shell trumpets, abalone shells, flutes, and turquoise beads, there were 11,200 alone, in one of the most ornate burials. This alone makes it one of the richest burials in American Southwest.
What did the researchers conclude through this study?
The scientists were baffled as to how and why this civilisation might have vanished and erased rom history suddenly. Western Pueblo societies of the period saw relation and rank, which was determined by the control of ritual sources of power traced through the family of mother’s side. While, Eastern Pueblo societies determined social rank based on ability and achievement rather than ancestry.
In the new study, the scientists analysed mitochondrial DNA, which was only inherited from the mother, and they found that nine individuals had identical mitochondrial genomes, who were buried in the aristocratic crypt. Further research showed that the Room 33 was burial for the elites who were related on their mother’s side of the family, which indicated that this society traced inheritance, rank, and privilege matrilineally.
A researcher involved in this study, Dr. Stephen Plog, claims that the elite matriline was maintained in Pueblo Bonito for at least 300 years. Researchers also found a 45-year-old female and her daughter as well as a 40-year-old female and her grandson. A skull of a 40 year old man was found who was apparently blown on the head. It is not clear what happened to this civilisation, but researchers speculate that a draught might have wiped them out.
Featured Image: wikipedia