Israeli archaeologists have discovered hidden geometric patterns in the layout of Göbekli Tepe, an archaeological site in Turkey’s southeastern Şanlıurfa province that is home to the world’s oldest temple.
What are the newest findings
Archaeologists Gil Haklay and Avi Gopher of Tel Aviv University have published a new report on Göbekli Tepe, a site included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The newest findings suggest that the Neolithic hunter-gatherers who built huge monoliths 11,500 years ago had a greater knowledge of geometry, a much more complex social structure than previously thought and that complex planning techniques were used that were previously considered impossible at the time.
Studies on the three oldest stone enclosures at the site revealed that these structures have a hidden geometric pattern, including an equilateral triangle that underlies the entire architectural plan.
Haklay and Gopher think the structure consisting of the three enclosures was designed as a single unit and most likely built at one time, contrary to previous assumptions. This scenario would mean that the builders of Göbekli Tepe understood geometric principles thousands of years before the invention of the wheel and applied these principles to their construction plans.
Göbekli Tepe is considered the birthplace of early civilizations, although no one knows why the complex was built, many archeologists believe it was a religious temple, and perhaps even a burial site.
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