Archeology Science

An Ancient Art Gallery Found In Siberia

In TransBaikal region can be found excellently preserved images of humans, trees and birds, but the most fascinating thing is a new revealed rock art featuring a figurine and a human like image is a circle, reminding the image of the sun. According to one of the scientists Sergei Alkin, it is a solar sign depicting shaman with a drum.


The gallery has been discovered three years ago but was kept in secret by scientists in order to preserve the integrity until their return for more answers about these unique paintings.

Originally these artworks were found many years ago by regular hunters, but only in 2013 the scientists got involved. One of the locals Evgeny Karelin took the scientists to the gallery located not far from the village of Gorbitsa, 545 kilometers north east or regional capital Chita.

The first one to examine and study the rock was Dr Sergei Alkin describing the paintings to be done with red and orange ocher, which is an earthy pigment containing ferric oxide. The scientists are pleased with a fact that all the drawings are well preserved, as the rock was discovered accidentally by the hunters and since then, there was hardly anybody visiting the spot.


Currently the scientists are working on determining the objects depicted in the paintings, as it is very hard to say whether they are hunters or spirits. There is  one image that reminds the sign of the sun has a cross inside, which in many cultures represents the shaman drums. By the end of the day it can be a shaman with a drum instead of the sun.

The other astonishing elements about the paintings are numerous lines and points, which might symbolize counting, perhaps cattle in the herd. And the vertical lines might show the dugout canoes and people inside them.


The location of the art is rather remote and distant and still not disclosed, while the artwork is believed to be around 4000 years old approximately.


And these images on the rocks are not just a regular painting, but they are connected with ceremonies and certain rituals, as usually you may find the altars and various tools under such paintings, though no such traces have been found around the rock yet.

In the same are there have been many ancient hunters and fishermen working, as by the Largi Lake were found also Bronze Age fragments. Maybe in future it will be possible to find the connection between this place and petroglyph. Scientists believe that the artists might belong to Mongolian or Tungus origin.


The next step for scientists is to study the chemical composition of ocher, the natural dye that was used to make such colors. They hope that its content will help to find out the location of the source that ancient people were using as a material.


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