The scientists have not spared some of the historic dead people. These dead bodies are like celebrities who just can’t escape the limelight, even when they are 6 feet under. In order to examine these bodies, the researchers have gone beyond the limits, such as extracting their DNA, carbon dating their remains, or bombarding their hair with subatomic particles. But, to an extent, they have succeeded in establishing what is true, in comparison with what were the speculations.
1 – Napoleon Vs. Arsenic
After Napoleon Bonaparte’s death, his autopsy suggested stomach cancer as a reason for his death. Some historians wondered if poison had hastened his death, as a study found high levels of arsenic in his hair. Some researchers speculated that his enemies might have poisoned him and some thought he might have exposed himself to some source of arsenic. But, in 2008, after a research on his hair, where they were converted into radioactive isotopes, it was found that he had almost same amount of arsenic as his child and wife.
2 – King Tut Vs. Malaria
The archaeologists uncovered 100 or so canes in Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922, which implied that the 19-year-old pharaoh wasn’t exactly the model of health. Tut’s medical history based on years of CT scans and DNA testing on eleven royal mummies from 16th to 11th century BC suggested that his parents might have been siblings and he might have suffered from Koehler disease but some researchers also believe that it could have been sickle cell disease or malaria.
3 – Mozart Vs. Strep Throat
There was no autopsy done after Mozart’s death, which is why, researchers had only a few symptoms of his sudden illness: fever, rash, and extreme swelling. One way they used to determine his death was to analyse how everybody else in Vienna died. An analysis of 5,011 dead adults stated that an untreated streptococcal infection could have led to Mozart’s end.
4 – Copernicus Vs. The Cathedral Floor
The very famous Nicolaus Copernicus, ended up in an unmarked grave under a cathedral floor in Frombork, Poland, which the researchers dug up and after a facial reconstruction, the resulting picture looked much like the Copernicus seen in period paintings. After a DNA test confirmed it, his remains were packed into an elegant coffin post which, his body was returned to Frombork cathedral floor.
5 – Caravaggio Vs. Paint
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio built an artistic reputation via his mastery of the shading technique chiaroscuro and a roguish reputation via brawling and banishment, but no one is sure how his life ended. A death certificate in 2001 suggested that he died in a hospital, and that his remains might be found in a municipal cemetery in the Tuscan town of Porto Ercole. With radiocarbon dating and DNA testing techniques, researchers claimed that it was 85% his remains and they found high levels of lead in the could-be-Caravaggio bones, which they alleged, could be a reason for his death.
6 – Lincoln Vs. Cancer
The cardiologist and John Sotos suspected that Lincoln was suffering of a rare disease which can lead to thyroid or adrenal cancer, and could explain his gastrointestinal problems and height. Many other speculations came forward from different researchers, but no one could crack the DNA, so it was all conjecture.
7 – Romanov Prince And Princess Vs. History
After the fall of the Soviet Union, an amateur archaeologist revealed his discovery of a mass grave supposedly of the executed members of imperial Romanov family, except the bodies of one daughter (either Anastasia or Marie) and Prince Alexei. But in a nearby grave, their bodies were found, confirming with DNA analysis. Alexei’s DNA proved he suffered from a rare form of hemophilia that he could have inherited as a Royal Disease.
8 – Tycho Brahe Vs. Mercury
The 16th century Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe was a legend in his own time, and the researchers speculated he had a bladder infection and died of Kidney failure. Before they reburied him in the first examination, they snipped some hair from his moustache, analysis of which, stated he had high levels of mercury. So, the researchers dug him up again, and analysed his dusty bones using CT scans, DNA tests, and X-ray techniques, but nothing much was found.