Chemistry can be a good and bad thing. Chemistry is good when you make love with it.
Daily lives incorporates chemistry in million ways, some of which you don’t even realise or know about. Biology is interlinked with chemistry and physics, which in turn influence the daily happenings in life. Some parts of our life fall under biological reactions and some are chemical or physical. The researchers have drawn inspiration from nature and developed adhesive tapes, because its all about the chemistry behind it. Here is a list of 12 influences chemistry can have in daily life:
1 – Chemistry Review
Graphene is a one atom thick layer of carbon, which is the thinnest and strongest known material. Researchers claim that in dept study of this material could yield lower-cost, ultra-low power, next generation electronics, perhaps with the unique ability to fold, bend and twist.
2 – Sticky Fingers And Toes
Gecko’s ability to adhere to most of the surfaces be it dry, wet, or sheer, is due to the atoms of the millions of setae. They interact with the atoms of the wall and as a result there is an electrodynamic attraction known as van der Waals forces that help gecko to stick to surfaces. Inspired by this, researchers are developing adhesive tapes on the same principle.
3 – Hydrophobic And Hydrophilic Surfaces
All the materials do not respond same to water, some attract the water molecules, known as hydrophilic, while some repel, known as hydrophobic. But, there are certain materials that are both, such as Namibian beetle, which the researchers are studying right now. It has a patchwork of hydrophilic and hydrophobic that act according to its needs. Scientists are trying to develop similar materials, and some similar to this, have already in the market such as the superhydrophobic chemical coatings.
4 – Cloudy With A Chance Of Chemistry
Clouds apparently cover 70% of the Earth’s surface, and help in cooling it. They also form aerosols, the air pollutants produced when sunlight, organic molecules and airborne chemicals come together. Further research is being carried out to study the impact of this on the climate change.
5 – A Breath Of Fresh Aerosol
The seawater contains high levels of salt and other dissolved substances. Sea spray, a natural, marine aerosol — consisting of water (blue), sodium ions (green) and organic molecules (magenta and white), helps in cloud formation and impacts the climate change. To understand this better, the researchers are studying how chemical changes in seawater impacts cloud formation and how sea spray aerosols affect weather patterns and climate change.
6 – Sugar Scaffolding
Sugar does more than just satisfying your sweet tooth. The molecule’s stable and dissolvable structure can be used as a scaffolding in building structures one-billionth of a meter in size. The researchers built hollow synthetic tubes by using hardened sugar syrup drawn out into long strands as seen in cotton candy and cake decorations. They coated the sugar strands with polymer and dissolved it in water, leaving behind the hollow sugar strands.
They claimed that tiny artificial tubes could one day serve as conduits for regenerating nerves severed in accidents or damaged by disease.
7 – Crystal Clear
Crystals contain atoms, molecules or ions arranged in geometric shape. Table salt, sugar, or diamonds, all are crystals. Boron nitride is the hardest known crystal in the world, which is why, can be used in various ways, such as the tip of a drill, etc. Scientists are researching upon a material inspired by this, using nanotechnology.
8 – Fantastic Plastic
Plastic, derived from petrochemical resources, consists of long molecule chains made up of repeating units, and is one of the most versatile, cheap and relatively easy to produce materials known. But, it can take hundreds of years to biodegrade, which is why NSF is funding chemists at the University of Minnesota, to produce environmentally friendly plastics.
9 – Of Peels And Polymers
Researchers claim that plastic can be made out of the carbon-based compound, called limonene, found in 95 percent of an orange peel’s oil. Thus, the scientists are using agricultural waste and the gas our bodies expel when we exhale, to make plastics.
10 – Time For An Upgrade?
The NSF is currently supporting researchers who are looking to develop the next generation of electronic circuits, such as the scientists at the Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry at Oregon State University, who are looking to replace the bulky compounds with metal oxides, which would allow more transistors to fit on a chip, and the process will be faster, cheaper, and cleaner.
11 – Glowing Jellies
In jellyfish, an enzyme causes the oxidation of a light-emitting chemical compound, which when decays back to the ground state, the light is emitted, which is called bioluminescence. A scientist supported by the NSF was the first to isolate the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, which can be used to study spreading cancer cells, or to watch the nerve cells develop.
12 – Illuminating The Deep
Almost 90% of the deep sea marine life has bioluminescent properties in one form or other. The NSF continues its support of chemical sciences research, including research at the interface of biology, chemistry and engineering.