Air of mystery has always surrounded one of the most mysterious monuments on Earth – the Great Sphinx, causing speculation about its real age and purpose of construction, concealed chambers and relationship to the equally mysterious Pyramids Of Giza.
This amazing ancient construction has puzzled researchers ever since its discovery and nobody has been able to date it as their are no written records left. However, two Ukrainian researchers have proposed a new provocative theory suggesting that the Great Sphinx of Egypt may be around 800,000 years old.
The study was presented at the International Conference of Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy held in Sofia titled: GEOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE PROBLEM OF DATING THE GREAT EGYPTIAN SPHINX CONSTRUCTION.
Two scientists, Manichev Vjacheslav and Alexander G. Parkhomenko proposed a paradigm shift initiated by West and Schoch, a ‘debate’ intended to overcome the orthodox view of Egyptology referring to the possible remote origins of the Egyptian civilization and, on the other, physical evidence of water erosion present at the monuments of the Giza Plateau. In their work, researchers made a strong argument about the Sphinx, basing upon the geological studies, supporting Schoch’s view regarding the object and its age. Meanwhile the scientists focus more on the deteriorated aspect of the body of the Sphinx, leaving the erosive features on the side, mainly the location of the Sphinx. The scientists paid attention on the undulating terrain of the Sphinx, which is the most mysterious pattern so far.
According to Manichev and Parkhomenko, this sharp feature is based on the abrasive effect of the wind and sand, while the undulations were formed due to the harder layers of rock abilities to stand the erosions way longer comparing to the soft ones. But still this argument is not enough to explain why the front of the head lacks such features. Scientists partially agreed with Schoch hypothesis, that it was caused by a heavy rain, which occurred 13, 000 BC. But both of the scientists still argue about the mountainous and coastal areas of Caucasus and Crimea, which they know pretty well, have a morphologically different type of wind erosion to the erosive features found on the Sphinx. Such a wind erosion has a soft effect, never minding the geological composition of the rocks.
“In our geological field expeditions in different mountains and littoral zones of the Crimea and Caucasus we could often observe the forms of Eolian weathering which morphology differs considerably from the weathering taking place on the GES. Most natural forms of weathering are of smoothed character, independent of lithological composition of the rocks.”
Therefore Manichev and Parkhomenoko suggest a new natural mechanism that might give a solid explanation to the mysterious features of Sphinx. The mechanism includes the impact of waves on the rocks of the coast. This effect could produce the formation of few layers of ripples during thousands of years. This fact is very visible, especially on the shores of the Black Sea. The process runs horizontally and produces a wear or dissolution of the rock.
After investigating the cavities in the Great Sphinx, Ukrainian scientists came to an idea that this monument could have been affected by such a process in the context of immersion in large bodies of water.
Manichev and Parkhomenko do believe that Sphinx might have been submerged under the water for long time and in order to support this theory, they apply to the studies of the Giza Plateau. The end of the Pliocene geologic period sea water entered the Nile valley and literally flooded the territory. This event led to formation of lacustrine deposits, which are 180 meters above the present level of Mediterranean sea. High level of the sea according to the scientists caused the Nile to overflow and created a high level of water. The time to this event goes back to 800,000 years.
It seems that the more we know the less we understand, new studies of ancient texts may change the way we look at history today, and suggest that our planet was inhabitet by advanced ancient civilizations in the distant past.