“Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space.”
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
The beauty of modern structure has its grace, but when we focus on the old structures, our mind gets bamboozled as they are so extraordinary and unique. A lot of methods which were used to create these ancient temples, structures, and cities, remained rather obscure.
So, let us check out five beautiful ancient structures around the world:
Derinkuyu- The old underground City:
This ancient multi-level underground city was discovered in Turkey during the 1960’s. The 18-storey city extends to a depth of approximately sixty meter or two-hundred feet and is large enough to give shelter over 20,000 people. The architecture of this city is so unique that we wonder how they made this just using hammer and chisel. According to the historians, this city was built in the Byzantine era to provide with protection against the Arab-Byzantine war.
The gate of Derinkuyu could be closed from the inside with large stones. There was a system to close the doors from each basement. Surprisingly this city had a separate room for everyone along with available fresh water, community hall and even a school.
Hypogeum of Hal-Saflieni:
This subterranean stone structure was built in the Saflieni era (3300-3000 BC) on the Malta Island. In 1902, the Hypogeum was uncovered by an accident. The architecture was made completely out of magnetic stone. Additionally, 7,000 skeletal remains were also found from this hidden complex. Even the stranger thing is that there is a specific spot in this complex from where voices with the range of 95 to 120 Hz echo throughout the whole structure. And it’s clear that women’s voices can’t always be this much effective similar to men’s voices.
The ancient Marib Dam:
The dam of Marib is located in the south-west of the city of Marib, Yemen. The Sabaeans built this dam to store the occasional monsoon rain. The time of construction of this historical dam went back around 750 BC and considered as the oldest dam known to the world. This Dam remained intact for over 1,000 years whereas the modern day dams last for 50 to 60 years. This dam is almost 2000 feet long and is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Puma Punku, the stone city:
The Tiwanaku people from Bolivia built this ancient complex. This antiquated stone city is precisely known for cut stones with tooled holes within it. The largest stone block of Puma Punku has 5.17 meter of width and is 7.8 meters high with the weight of 130 tonnes. Their method of moving these enormous blocks of stones without any technology is still unknown. We wonder that they might be using cranes for moving the stones.
This structure made of some gigantic stone pillars was discovered in Turkey during the 1960’s. The massive limestone pillars are structured with wedges of flint and bare hands and are organised in a circle. It is 6,000 years older than the Stonehenge. The Gobekli Tepe is considered as the oldest human creation.
The above-mentioned structures are made without any modern equipment. So, they are definitely considered as the best engineering wonders of the globe.